ERIC Number: ED111859
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Six Factors of Behavioral Cognition: Understanding Other People.
O'Sullivan, Maureen; Guilford, J. P.
It has been suggested than an educational curriculum should include training in working with people as well as with ideas. Measuring and conceptualizing "social intelligence has been difficult, however. Although the idea of social intelligence has a long history, most tests which have been proposed to measure such ability correlate highly with tests of verbal aptitude. The present study describes six factors of "behavioral cognition" or social intelligence suggested by Guilford's Structure of Intellect model. These social intelligence factors are defined by 23 tests using photographs, cartoons and other drawn materials, and tape-recorded sounds. The six behavioral-cognition factors are shown to be distinct from factors defined by 24 tests of verbal aptitude, spatial ability, and creative thinking. The 18 reference and experimental factors hypothesized and demonstrated are described and discussed. To date no similar factors, reflecting the abilities involved in understanding the feelings and intentions of others, have been reported. Supplementary materials including sample items, scoring formulas, number of parts per test, working time allowed, the correlation matrix, rotated and unrotated factor matrices and target matrix are appended. (Author/RC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Dept. of Psychology.