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ERIC Number: ED111827
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Physical Education in New England Schools and Academies from 1789 to 1860: Concepts and Practices.
Albertson, Roxanne M.
This study traces the major programs and factors which contributed to the development of physical education in New England schools and academies between 1789 and 1860. First, the major types of physical exercise programs and the schools in which these programs operated are presented. Types of exercise programs identified include military training and exercise, gymnastics, manual training, domestic economy, calisthenics, and sports and games. Second, the major factors identified as influencing the development of physical education in New England between 1789 and 1860 are listed. They include the following: (1) concern for the health of students, (2) major contributions toward the implementation of physical education by such educators as Horace Mann, (3) influence exerted by school leaders to bring about school reforms including reforms in physical education, and (4) the inclusion, in public schools, of physical exercise programs that had been previously used in academies and private schools. In conclusion, the author states that the time period between 1789 and 1860 was one of testing various physical exercise programs as a means of providing for the healthful physical development of students, and that many of the present day physical education concepts and activities can be traced to those begun in New England during this time. (MK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A