ERIC Number: ED111789
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Personal Inquiry in the Classroom: An Alternative Approach to Educational Research.
Anderson, Edwin R.
A method of individual classroom research is proposed and demonstrated in this paper. Its purpose was to show that by capitalizing on baseline data collected from a similar prior class and focusing treatment on difficult test items, the instructor can develop sensitive within-class designs for the detection of treatment effects. An experiment using written objectives given to students to aid their learning and using the single classroom design shows that objectives significantly improve learning. The experiment was conducted with 54 students in an introductory psychology class at the University of Washington. Students were given lecture objectives but no objectives for the reading assignments for the first four week period. During the second four week period a reversal was made and objectives were given with the reading assignments but not with the lectures. Student performance was measured with multiple choice test questions. In addition to improving learning, the experiment showed that written objectives interact with item difficulty. These results lead to the recommendation that instructors engage in personal inquiry into their efforts to influence student learning and that such inquiry be added to the educational research literature. (Author/BD)
Descriptors: Behavioral Objectives, Classroom Research, Educational Research, Student Motivation, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Influence, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods
Educational Assessment Center, University of Washington, 1400 Campus Parkway, PB-30, Seattle, Washington 98195 (No price quoted)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle. Educational Assessment Center.