ERIC Number: ED111709
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Theories of Urban Location: An Introductory Essay, Resource Paper No. 1.
Berry, Brian J. L.
This resource paper on geographical theories of urban location is part of a series designed to supplement undergraduate geography courses. The basic reasons for a city are to be found in the activities it performs in a specialized society and the clustering of residences of workers employed in these activities. The city, therefore, remains a cluster of activities, an agglomeration of residences, and a set of local services for the residents. There are three stages of the development of cities and, thus, of the types of activities that support cities including (1) extractive--agriculture, mining, forestry, and fishing; (2) processing--largely manufacturing; and (3) distributive--transportation of goods, wholesaling, retailing, and services. For each stage there is a distinctive type of urban settlement. Part 1 of this essay explains why cities specializing in extractive and processing activities locate where they do. Part 2 explains geography's best developed body of urban location theory, central-place theory, which focuses on the role of market towns in the distributive sector. Also included in part 3 is a list of suggested related readings. (Author/DE)
Descriptors: Community Size, Geographic Concepts, Geographic Location, Geographic Regions, Geography, Geography Instruction, Higher Education, Human Geography, Resource Materials, Site Analysis, Urban Areas, Urban Population, Urban Studies, Urbanization
Association of American Geographers, 1710 16th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20009 (1-9 copies $1.50, 10-99 copies $1.35, 100 or more copies $1.20)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association of American Geographers, Washington, DC. Commission on College Geography.