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ERIC Number: ED111709
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Theories of Urban Location: An Introductory Essay, Resource Paper No. 1.
Berry, Brian J. L.
This resource paper on geographical theories of urban location is part of a series designed to supplement undergraduate geography courses. The basic reasons for a city are to be found in the activities it performs in a specialized society and the clustering of residences of workers employed in these activities. The city, therefore, remains a cluster of activities, an agglomeration of residences, and a set of local services for the residents. There are three stages of the development of cities and, thus, of the types of activities that support cities including (1) extractive--agriculture, mining, forestry, and fishing; (2) processing--largely manufacturing; and (3) distributive--transportation of goods, wholesaling, retailing, and services. For each stage there is a distinctive type of urban settlement. Part 1 of this essay explains why cities specializing in extractive and processing activities locate where they do. Part 2 explains geography's best developed body of urban location theory, central-place theory, which focuses on the role of market towns in the distributive sector. Also included in part 3 is a list of suggested related readings. (Author/DE)
Association of American Geographers, 1710 16th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20009 (1-9 copies $1.50, 10-99 copies $1.35, 100 or more copies $1.20)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association of American Geographers, Washington, DC. Commission on College Geography.