ERIC Number: ED111705
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: N/A
Society, the City and the Space-Economy of Urbanism, Resource Paper No. 18.
Theoretical concepts of spatial organization appropriate to bringing about humanizing social change are identified. This resource paper is part of a series designed to supplement existing texts and to fill a gap between research and accessible materials in geography. Part 1, societies and cities, introduces three basic forms of society: egalitarian, with an economy characterized by reciprocity; rank societies, characterized by redistribution; and stratefied societies, characterized by market exchange. Two basic points are that the form of a mode of economic integration may vary substantially and that the balance of influence between reciprocity, redistribution, and market exchange prevails. The reliance of urbanism on the production and appropriation of a social surplus product is the topic which concludes Part 1 in an analysis of urban space economy. Part 2, concerned with the contemporary city as a system within which the surplus is generated and appropriated, examines how the general concepts formulated in Part 1 can be used to dissect the workings of the contemporary American city. Part 2 also looks at the place of residence in relation to the location of job opportunities within a transportation network, to the location of services and facilities, and to territorial distribution of wealth, as well as at the use and exchange value of the place of residence. A concluding summary is followed by notes and bibliography. (KSM)
Descriptors: Economic Factors, Futures (of Society), Geography, Higher Education, Housing, Human Geography, Metropolitan Areas, Residential Patterns, Resource Materials, Social Change, Socioeconomic Influences, Space Utilization, Supplementary Reading Materials, Urban Areas, Urbanization
Association of American Geographers, 1710 16th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20009 (1-9 copies $1.50, 10-99 copies $1.35, 100 or more copies $1.20)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association of American Geographers, Washington, DC. Commission on College Geography.