ERIC Number: ED111588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jul
Reference Count: 0
The Hired Farm Working Force of 1974. A Statistical Report. Agricultural Economic Report No. 297.
Rowe, Gene A.
Information is given on the number, characteristics, employment, and earnings of persons 14 years of age and over who performed hired farm wagework at any time during 1974. The brief analysis highlights some of the most pertinent changes and trends in the size and composition of the hired farm working force. Data were obtained through a survey conducted by the Bureau of the Census as a supplementary part of its monthly Current Population Survey made in December 1974. In 1974, there were approximately 2.7 million persons in the hired farm working force. The annual employment of farmworkers appeared to have become stable after the long-term downward trend of prior years. Generally, hired farm wageworkers were young (median age 23 years), white (83 percent), male (79 percent), and resided in nonfarm places (76 percent). They earned an average of $1,447 in annual cash wages, or $16.60 per day for 87 days of farm wagework. Approximately 1.6 million workers were employed solely in farm work during the year; the remaining 1.1 million performed both farm and nonfarm work. About 209,000 (8 percent) of the total were migratory farmworkers in 1974, the third consecutive year of increase. Annual earnings for these workers averaged $1,688, or $21.60 per day for 78 days of farmwork. Forty-nine percent of all migrants were employed only in farmwork during the year. (Author/NQ)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Economic Development Div.
Note: For related documents, see ED 020 361; ED 051 357; RC 006 232; RC 007 285