ERIC Number: ED111580
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Industralization and Population Growth: The Case of Arkansas. ORNL-HUD-4, Civil Defense Research Project.
Stuart, Alfred W.
Utilizing available 1966 statistical data and U.S. Census figures, the State of Arkansas was examined for purposes of analyzing: (1) the extent to which recent population gains in states such as Arkansas and Oklahoma is occurring in rural areas rather than as an extension of urbanization; (2) the extent to which U.S. manufacturing is beginning to deconcentrate by moving to rural areas outside the main manufacturing areas; and (3) the relationship between population gains in ostensibly rural areas and industrial location trends. Examination of migration patterns, employment variables, and industrial patterns revealed a net inmigration into 17 rural counties which had previously experienced population losses (1950-60) and a predominance of low wage/low skill industry in these counties. It was concluded that subsequent research might focus on: (1) barriers to industrialization (decreasing supplies of easily trainable labor, shortages of skilled labor, poor schools, unsophisticated community leadership, poor transportation facilities, underdeveloped amenities, and poor images) and (2) the "filtering down" process, wherein manufacturers rely on the existence of pools of low wage, surplus labor and have to move out of areas as the surplus disappears via competition with other, higher wage employers. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC.; Atomic Energy Commission, Oak Ridge, TN.
Authoring Institution: Oak Ridge National Lab., TN.
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas