ERIC Number: ED111534
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Hired Farm Working Force of 1971. A Statistical Report. Agricultural Economic Report No. 222.
McElroy, Robert C.
Information is given on the size and composition of the 1971 hired farm working force (HFWF) and on the employment and cash earnings from farm and nonfarm wagework obtained during the year. Data were obtained from a survey conducted by the Bureau of the Census as a supplementary part of the regular Current Population Survey made in December 1971. There were about 2.6 million persons 14 years of age and over who did some farmwork for cash wages during 1971. This slight increase (4 percent) from the 2.5 million in 1970 reversed the declining trend in process since 1967. Members of the 1971 HFWF were mostly young (median age 22), white (78 percent), male (76 percent), persons living in nonfarm places (73 percent). They earned an average of $882 in cash wages, or $11.60 a day for 76 days of farm wagework. Only 19 percent were engaged chiefly in farm wagework. Of these, 285,000 were year-round workers, who were the most fully employed and highest paid, averaging 317 days of farm wagework and earning $3,799. About 58 percent (primarily housewives and students) were not in the labor force most of the year. About 172,000 (7 percent) of the total were domestic migratory workers. This was a drop of 12 percent from 196,000 in 1970 and a continuation of the 4-year declining trend in migrant numbers, while the remainder of the hired farmworkers reverse the downward trend and increased by 4 percent. (Author/NQ)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Economic Development Div.
Note: For related documents, see ED 020 361; ED 051 357; RC 008 805; RC 007 285