ERIC Number: ED111529
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of the Head Start Parent-Child Centers on Children. Final Report.
Holmes, Monica; And Others
This report presents results of cognitive ability tests administered to 3 to 5-year olds who were graduating from Parent-Child Center (PCC) programs in 14 cities. PCC programs are designed to maximize the potentialities of low income preschoolers through in-center, home-based, or in-center/home-based combination programs. The findings reflected outcomes expected from the educational component. Test scores for the experimental children were compared to national norms on the Preschool Inventory (PSI) and Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST) and to scores for groups of Home Start children tested prior to their enrollment in Home Start programs in other communities. Descriptions of procedures used included information on tester training, instrument adaptations, testing problems, and validity. Data were subanalyzed by group, rural/urban setting, sex, and age. Scores of PCC children were somewhat better on a majority of items than either national norms or scores of the Home Start comparison group, especially on questions dealing with labelling, concept formation, shapes, and colors. Groups showed minimal differences on the DDST. Overall conclusions indicated that PCC seemed to have an impact on the children enrolled, though the evidence is not statistically strong. (ED)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Community Research, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Denver Developmental Screening Test; Preschool Inventory