ERIC Number: ED111509
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Personality Factors Related to Intellectual Achievement in Migrant Preschool Children.
Flynn, Timothy M.
To determine the personality characteristics that may be related to school readiness, particularly with reference to migrant preschool children, the following characteristics were examined: (1) delay of gratification, (2) relationship with achievement model, (3) dependency, (4) motor inhibition, (5) self control, (6) self concept, and (7) risk taking. The 195 children (187 black, 8 white) who participated in the study ranged in age from approximately 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 years, and were randomly selected from compensatory education programs for preschool children of migrant workers in Florida. In order to insure that the characteristics examined were of an affective nature, a cognitive ability measure was used as a covariate to remove achievement variance due to the child's cognitive ability. Tests used to determine the characteristics in question are explained in detail. Results indicated: (1) self concept accounted for a significant percentage of achievement variance for both boys and girls; (2) self concept, delay of gratification, and motor inhibition accounted for a significant percentage of variance for boys but not for girls; and (3) risk taking was related to school readiness for girls but not boys. It is suggested that future program planning take these sex differences into account. (Author/ED)
Descriptors: Achievement, Black Youth, Compensatory Education, Delay of Gratification, Migrant Children, Migrant Education, Motor Development, Personality Development, Preschool Education, Rewards, Risk, School Readiness Tests, Self Concept, Self Control, Sex Differences, Student Characteristics, Student Teacher Relationship, Whites
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 10-13, 1975)