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ERIC Number: ED111506
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Development of Strategies of Attention.
Pick, Anne D.
This paper describes an on-going research program focused on the development of attention in children with specific reference to the strategies and patterns of activities which children use in seeking information and in directing and controlling their own attention. Findings from three earlier studies suggest that older children are better able than younger children to select only relevant information, to remember only potentially relevant information, and to shift quickly from selecting one type of relevant information to another. These findings provided evidence of a developmental trend towards more flexible, efficient strategies of attention. This evidence, together with the conceptualization of attention as the selectivity which characterizes a variety of cognitive activities, suggests general questions regarding the formulation of attention development. More is known of environmental factors which are related to children's attention than is known about the way children control and direct their own attention. Little is known about the ways in which one's own behavior controls what one attends to. At present, attempts are being made to identify developmental trends in search strategies. Instances in which young children are more accurate than adults (as in the Stoop effect) show that adults are not universally more accurate, flexible, and efficient attenders than children. The development of search strategies is being studied by asking children to engage in search activities which simulate search as it occurs ordinarily, by asking about children's discovery and use of redundant information in this search task, and by employing tasks which dictate two distinct search strategies. (GO)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A