ERIC Number: ED111496
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: 0
An Examination of Pre-School Children's Attitudes Toward the Physically Handicapped.
This research study was designed to examine the attitudes of preschool children toward the disabled, evaluate the children's awareness and understanding of physical impairment, and examine the possibility of modifying preschool children's attitudes towards disabled children. Subjects were 102 children, 3-5 years of age, enrolled in preschools or day care centers. Children were asked to select their favorite toy from a set of six photographs. They were then shown one of four photographs of another, same-sex child (boy or girl in regular chair or boy or girl in wheelchair). Children were told that toy preferences of the pictured child were either similar of disimilar to their own, or they were told nothing concerning toy preferences. While viewing the photographs, subjects were asked questions designed to determine their (1) affinity for the photographed child; (2) assessment of the child's ability; and (3) perception of the attitudes of their parents, teachers, or friends towards the subject's playing with the photographed child. Subjects shown disabled children were also questioned to determine their comprehension of disability. Results indicated that a shift from lack of understanding of disability to understanding occurs between 3 and 4 years of age; but that understanding of a disability does not produce the negative attitudes towards the disabled that are found in older children. (ED)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana.
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research for Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 10-13, 1975)