ERIC Number: ED111457
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jun-14
Reference Count: N/A
Study of the Discipline-Based Education vs. Liberal Education in the Department of Social Sciences, S. P. J. C. [St. Petersburg Junior College, Florida].
McCuskey, E. Scott; Worley, William E.
The heterogeneous nature of community college populations has resulted in an academic dichotomy within two-year institutions. Most institutions offer two types of programs: (1) discipline-based, university parallel programs, oriented toward transferring students to four-year institutions; (2) vocational/technical programs, oriented toward terminal degrees. Since two-year colleges are unique institutions with philosophy and goals to justify their separate existence, a more coherent educational approach is needed, identified as "liberal education." Liberal education seeks not only mastery of bodies of information, but coherence among them, enhancing personal development. The curriculum of a discipline-based social science department was studied by developing a"program-priority-value-matrix." Three factors were used: (1) program priority; (2) student demand priority; (3) cost per credit hour. The hypothesis that decision-making curriculum managers perpetuate the dichotomy between discipline-based and vocational/technical education was sustained; social science courses had little or no demand/priority in vocational programs. A policy of 40 percent specilization requirements, 40 percent general education requirements, and 20 percent electives is recommended, so that a student can break out of the rigid "tracking" system. (NHM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Nova Univ., Fort Lauderdale, FL.