ERIC Number: ED111438
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
A Naturalistic Study of the Effects of Prosocial Television and Environmental Variables on the Behavior of Young Children. Final Report.
Friedrich, Lynette K.; Stein, Aletha H.
A study sought to determine (1) whether a television program designed to enhance personal, social, and emotional development can have positive effects on children's behavior and, (2) what elements in a child's environment produce the greatest positive effects. Two components of the environment were studied: (1) training of the adult care-givers to implement materials and, (2) concepts related to the programs and arrangements of the physical environment to increase the likelihood that the child will use material from the program in his everyday behavior. The television program called Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood was dubbed to 16mm film; the subjects were children enrolled in the Head Start program. Twenty films were shown in each classroom during the eight-week experimental period. Play materials relevant to prosocial television were designed to provide cues; books, games, and records devoid of prosocial context were chosen as irrelevant material. Prosocial television produced few behavioral differences from the neutral treatment, but the effects of prosocial television accompanied by relevant play materials varied with classroom structure. The study indicates the usefulness of prosocial television and related curriculum materials in day care and educational programs for young children of the economically disadvantaged. Fifteen statistical tables detail the material used and measurement figures. Suggested neutral materials, film content, and observation of behavior are appended. (Author/DS)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavioral Science Research, Classroom Environment, Comparative Analysis, Early Childhood Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Research, Instructional Materials, Preschool Children, Programing (Broadcast), Prosocial Behavior, Teachers, Television, Television Viewing
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.