ERIC Number: ED111256
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Barriers to Women's Participation in Postsecondary Education. A Review of Research and Commentary as of 1973-74.
Westervelt, Esther Manning
This review of the literature was undertaken as background preparatory to the design of a survey program to ascertain the extent of women's nonparticipation in postsecondary education and apparent reasons for it. The proportions of women who participate in degree programs have changed very little in the past 40 years. Institutional barriers are found to be in admissions practices such as sex quotas and age restrictions, financial aid practices, institutional regulations (e.g., credit for nonclassroom learning, housing policies), curriculum planning and student personnel services, and faculty and staffing attitudes. Situational barriers, or social constraints, are seen as those effects of class, ethnic or racial group membership, family attitudes, domestic responsibilities, place of residence, and community attitudes. Psychological factors include the current status of theories regarding the psychology of women, sex differences in intellectual functioning, attitudes of women toward themselves and in relation to others, motivation for achievement, and psychological correlates of socialization practices. (LBH)
Descriptors: Age, Degree Requirements, Feminism, Higher Education, Literature Reviews, Motivation, Postsecondary Education, Sex Discrimination, Social Bias, Social Psychology, Social Reinforcement, Womens Education
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($1.40)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (DHEW), Washington, DC.