ERIC Number: ED111232
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Some Thoughts on the Cost Effectiveness of Graduate Education Subsidies. ISP Discussion Papers No. 245-74.
Bishop, John H.
A mathematical model of the Ph.D. scientist labor market demonstrates that subsidies of graduate training can be more cost effective than higher wages if the supply of doctorates is substantially more responsive to $1000 of early subsidy than to higher future wages with a present discounted value of $1000. Whether this is true is an unsettled empirical matter. There are three reasons for targeting subsidies at Ph.D. scientists: (1) As a condition of taking a job they demand freedom to do basic research and publish their results. (2) Because of their special knowledge and loyalty to professional values, hiring scientists and engineers contains an extra risk that trade secrets will be stolen or that one of them will be a "whistle blower." (3) From the firm's point of view these factors reduce the scientist's productivity. They do not from society's point of view, so an externality is created by the employment of scientists. (Author/LBH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.