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ERIC Number: ED110880
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jan
Pages: 39
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Teams-Games-Tournament: An Effective Task and Reward Structure in the Elementary Grades. Center for Social Organization of Schools, Report Number 189.
DeVries, David L.; Mescon, Ida T.
The research literature surrounding TGT, an instructional technique employing team competition, indicates that the technique facilitates social processes and academic achievement in the junior high school classroom. The present study extends the test of TGT by employing the technique in third grade classes, teaching basic language arts skills for a six-week period. Sixty students were randomly assigned to either a TGT or control condition. Students in the TGT condition were divided into leagues, and tournaments were organized around 22 simple instructional games, several of which were formed around each general curriculum objective. Post-treatment results indicate significant positive TGT effects on both the Hoyum-Sanders Elementary English Test and a treatment-specific test of language arts skills. TGT also appeared to increase cohesion among the students and decrease the number of social isolates in the classroom. No treatment effects were noted on several scales measuring student perceptions of the classroom. The results provide additional evidence of the usefulness of incorporating TGT into the classroom structure, even with young children. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.