ERIC Number: ED110857
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of a Reinforcement-Counseling Procedure on the Social Behavior and Sociometric Status of Elementary Students.
Huddleston, Richard J.
Previous research has shown that certain counseling methods, unlike behavioral counseling procedures, have been unsuccessful in improving the sociometric status of unpopular and uncooperative elementary students. This study attempted to assess the effectiveness of behavioral counseling. Forty elementary students were identified as unpopular and uncooperative. Twenty of them were assigned to a control group while 20 others were assigned to four groups of reinforcement counseling. The latter groups met twice a week for five weeks, and the students were assisted to increase the frequency of their rewarding and cooperative behavior while in the presence of their peers. Following treatment, the sociometric instrument was readministered to all students who were randomly assigned to four groups of 10 Ss each. Each group participated in a series of work tasks, and observations were made of the counseled and control students' rewarding and cooperative behavior. Analysis of the results revealed no significant differences between the control and counseled groups on gain in sociometric choices or in their behavior while participating in the series of work tasks. Reasons for the failure of the behavioral procedure were attributed to problems in reinforcing students who would not behave in rewarding or cooperative ways toward their peers. (Author/SE)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Best copy available, some pages may reproduce poorly; Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Guidance and Counseling Association, 1973