ERIC Number: ED110514
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Sep-16
Reference Count: 0
Program Fair Evaluation--Summative Appraisal of Instructional Sequences with Dissimilar Objectives.
Popham, W. James
A comparative evaluation involving two instructional programs is given, although the approach can easily serve to compare more than two programs. The steps involved in conducting a program fair evaluation of two instructional programs are: (1) Identify objectives (a) common to both programs, (b) unique to one program, and (c) unique to the other program; (2) Collect or construct test items based on the three sets of objectives; (3) Combine the test items into a three-part examination; (4) Assign estimates of importance, as explicitly as possible, to the three sets of objectives; (5) Administer each of the instructional programs to one of two randomly selected groups of appropriate learners; (6) Administer the three-part examination to both groups; and (7) Appraise results and reach a decision regarding the preferred program. The summative evaluation scheme described here is relatively straightforward and can, therefore, be carried out with little difficulty. It can be applied to the evaluation of short-duration instructional sequences or to programs of much greater magnitude. While conceptually simple, it provides the evaluator with opportunities to employ sophisticated quantification schemes to deal with such problems as value weightings of objectives. The major purpose of the procedure is to make evaluators attentive to the differential consequences of employing instructional programs which were designed with different intentions. (Author/BJG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southwest Regional Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, Los Alamitos, CA.