ERIC Number: ED110408
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Interaction Between Parent Investment in Children and Family Size: An Economic Analysis.
De Tray, Dennis N.
A theoretical and empirical investigation of the family size decision is reported. The distinguishing feature of the study is its emphasis on the relationship between investment in and desired number of children. The basic argument is that in determining the level of benefits they want to receive from children and child-related activities, parents view additional investments in children and additional births as substitutes. The data are drawn from a 1960 cross section of United States with counties as the units of observation. Female earnings are the most important determinant of completed family size in terms of both magnitude of effect and statistical significance. Other variables having a significant negative effect on childbirth are female education and the degree to which a county is urban. On the other hand, median value of housing and male earnings both exert a positive influence on desired numbers of children. When economic differences are accounted for, race plays virtually no role in determining family size. (Author/DE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.