ERIC Number: ED110397
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Self Theory and the Twenty Statements Test: Some Thoughts on Its Application to Women.
Falk, William W.; Sonenfeld, Carol
This paper addresses some considerations about self theory and the Twenty Statements Test (TST) as they might be used to study women. Two theories have developed within the general rubric of "symbolic interaction" as coined by Blumer. The first is the Iowa School, or Kuhn school, which states that the self is a directly researchable phenomenon; the same procedures used in other sociological research are applicable and the self is researchable as any other social object. The TST was developed by Kuhn and his students, as a method of uncovering general self-attitudes. Conversely, the second school, or Chicago school, argues that the self is only knowable by inference and an understanding of the many roles which a person plays; thus, the self is not conceived as subject to analysis by sociological techniques. Supporting the Iowa school, this paper justifies its approach to self theory. Secondly, a brief description of self theory and the Twenty Statements Test is provided, so that both the theoretical orientation and its technique are understood. Thirdly, certain selected examples of self theory and TST research which have considered women are presented. The paper concludes with a short discussion of suggested future directions in which self theory might proceed, and presents an argument for investigating the self within a broader investigative framework than the TST provides. (Author/JR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station.
Authoring Institution: N/A