ERIC Number: ED110318
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Two Patterns of Teaching on Aspects of Verbal and Figural Creativity in Fifth Grade Science Students.
Penick, John E.
In this study, creative growth and student behavior under two measurably different sets of learning conditions were investigated. The learning conditions were defined as the physical facilities (classroom, seating arrangement, lighting, etc.), available science materials, and teacher behavior pattern (verbal and nonverbal). Fifth-grade science students were subjected to consistent physical facilities and available science materials, while teacher behavior was manipulated to form two distinct patterns. The teacher behavior patterns were conceptualized in terms of the amount of restriction placed on the activities of the science students and were defined by means of measurable categories of teacher behavior. In the nine-week treatment, the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking were administered as pre- and posttests while daily observational data were collected using the SCAS Classroom Interaction Categories--Student Behaviors developed at the Florida State University (Matthews and Phillips, 1968). One-way analysis of variance of the student observational data revealed that the two classes did, on the average, behave differently, while analysis of covariance indicated no significant difference in verbal creativity. The study also revealed significant differences in favor of the student-structured science class on the figural creativity tests. (Author/CP)
Descriptors: Behavior, Creativity, Creativity Research, Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Research, Elementary School Science, Grade 5, Instruction, Interaction Process Analysis, Science Education, Teacher Behavior
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 73-31,525, MF-$5.00, Xerography-$11.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking