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ERIC Number: ED110273
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 137
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Two Laboratory Methods for the Teaching of General Physical Science at the College Level: Vicarious Experimentation Versus Conventional Experimentation.
Smith, Melvin Ouston
Reported is a study comparing two laboratory teaching methods used with a college level general physical science course. The criterion instruments used were: (1) Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal; (2) The Sequential Test of Educational Progress; (3) Nelson-Denny Reading Test; (4) Welch Science Process Inventory; and (5) The Smith Appraisal of Methods and Processes of Scientists. Variables, sex and student's academic major were also investigated as related to academic achievement. Two intact groups, non-science majors, all attended weekly laboratory classes. One group performed a series of vicarious experiments, the second used the conventional type experiments treating the same concepts. A pretest and posttest design was used. Analysis of covariance was performed on data collected. Student's achievement and critical thinking served as dependent variables. Influence of attitude and ability to employ the methods and processes of scientists were controlled by scores on the Welch and the Smith instrument. It was concluded that the use of vicarious experimentation appeared more effective as a means of developing the student's ability to think, of promoting achievement in understanding of subject matter, and as a method of teaching students matriculating in areas of special and elementary education. Girls who studied by the vicarious method achieved significantly greater test scores. (Author/EB)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-9530, MF-$5.00, Xerography-$11.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University