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ERIC Number: ED110210
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Income and Employment Generation in Rural Areas in Relation to Alternative Farm Programs (with Special Emphasis on the North Central Region).
Heady, Earl O.; Sonka, Steven T.
Four alternative government farm policies were analyzed to determine their effect upon farm income and employment generation in rural areas and agriculturally related industries. A linear programming model of interregional competition was used to determine the impact of alternative farm policies on the quantity of major commodities produced, the regional location of that production, and net farm income. Divided into 150 homogeneous rural areas and 31 consuming regions, U.S. agricultural production was defined in terms of commodity demands for wheat, feedgrains, soybeans, cotton lint, and cottonseed oilmeal. The impact on income and employment generated outside agriculture and that generated specifically in the North Central Region was also examined in terms of the 4 farm policies. The policies examined were: (1) Free Market Alternative (no direct government intervention in the market either through price supports or direct payments); (2) Land Retirement Alternative (governmental price supports for feedgrains, wheat, and cotton and direct government payments to farmers for witholding part of their production); (3) and (4) Bragaining Power Alternatives A and B (under both alternatives, farmers would unite to exert control over market prices and production, the major difference being the level of farm prices which would prevail). (JC)
Descriptors: Agribusiness, Agricultural Production, Change Strategies, Comparative Analysis, Economics, Employment, Futures (of Society), Income, Models, Policy Formation, Program Proposals, Rural Development, Rural Farm Residents
North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, 107 Curtiss Hall, Iowa State University, Ames Iowa 50010 (free)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Center for Agricultural and Rural Development.; North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Ames, IA.