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ERIC Number: ED110202
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr-12
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Observed Paternal Behavior and the Intellectual Functioning of Preschool Boys and Girls.
Radin, Norma; Epstein, Ann
To assess the relationship between paternal behavior and the intellectual functioning of preschool boys and girls, 180 white fathers from middle, working, and lower classes (as defined by the Hollingshead-Redlich Scale) were observed at home interacting with their 4-year-olds (99 boys and 81 girls). Sessions were tape-recorded. The number of father behaviors occurring in a 30-minute period were computed according to 25 pre-selected categories. The children were subsequently tested on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale and on a set of standardized Piagetian tasks to assess their intellectual competence. Factor analysis of the 25 categories of father behaviors yielded 4 factors for father/son interactions and 6 factors for father/daughter interactions. Significant differences were found in the relationship between the behaviors of fathers in different social classes and the measures of their sons' cognitive functioning; but no such significant correlations were found between father behaviors and daughters' cognitive measures (although father's occupation became a significant predictor variable). Findings were discussed in terms of the child's sex role identification, and the observed differences in the behaviors fathers exhibited towards sons and daughters. (ED)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Filmed from best available copy; Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 12, 1975)