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ERIC Number: ED110111
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
Years of Change for Community Colleges: 1970 to 1974.
Cross, K. Patricia, Ed.
Findings, v2 n2 p5-8 1975
This article compares the findings of two administrations of a questionnaire designed to determine how community colleges were responding in terms of attitudes and methods to the flood of poorly prepared students entering under open admissions policies. The questionnaire was sent to a 20 percent random sample of two-year colleges nationwide; returns of 78 and 84 percent were received in 1970 and 1974, respectively. Tables indicate: (1) the percent of community colleges reporting use of certain instructional methods; (2) the percent ranking specified items as first or second in importance among obstacles to learning for low achievers; and (3) the percent of 1974 respondents stating recent experimental techniques had been used at their college. Results show a predominant trend toward individualized instruction and an increased willingness of teachers to share responsibility for the education of students with fellow teachers, other students, and employers. Dramatic increases were found in the use of pacing methods, programmed instruction, skills centers, team teaching, peer tutoring, and cooperative education programs. However, less than a quarter of the 1974 respondents indicated use of more integrated learning programs, such as the Personalized System of Instruction or mastery learning. Whereas in 1970 there was a tendency to blame the student and his parents for poor achievement, in 1974 most respondents cited poor elementary and secondary schooling as the major cause. (Author/DC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.