ERIC Number: ED109897
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Mar-24
Reference Count: 0
Comparative Studies of Semantic Structure. Final Report.
Burton, Michael L.
The objective of this research was to successfully model several semantic domains in English and Spanish, in order to (a) test the reliability of judged-similarities tasks in cross-cultural situations and (b) obtain information about changes in semantic organization with bilingualism and education. To achieve these goals, data were collected in Southern California and in Yucatan, Mexico concerning the cognitive organization of (a) personality characteristics (Southern California), (b) transfer verbs and their objects (Yucatan), fears (Yucatan) and cartoons (Yucatan). For the Southern California data, comparisons were made for systematic variation in test instructions and kind of judged similarity task. For the Yucatan data, sampling was based on amount of education and degree of bilingualism of informants. Analysis of the Southern California data shows little effect of task instruction (sorting on meaning vs. sorting on association in experience), but significant effects of difference in task (triads tasks vs. several different sorting tasks). Preliminary analysis of the Yucatecan data shows some effects of education and bilingualism on cognitive organization. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Research Grants.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: The Q-Sort Test, part of the appendix, is not included because of poor reproducibility nor is it included in the pagination