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ERIC Number: ED109716
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Toward a Heuristic Theory of Values.
Heath, Robert L.
The theoretical model of values presented in this paper differs from the Rokeach model, which assumes that the hierarchic order among the values in each individual's system is relatively stable. The hypothesis of the value model presented here is that value priorities change consonantly with the perceived expectations of situations. To test this hypothesis, 200 undergraduates were divided into five groups. Each of the four test groups was provided with an imaginary situation in which the test takers were to place themselves while responding. The situations were as follows: a worker in a government agency assigned to suppress a protest movement, a member of a protest movement against the government, a person living in a state of peace and prosperity, or a person living under the threat of war by a foreign invader. The fifth group, the control group, was not provided with an imaginary situation. To measure the value systems, a modified version of Rokeach's value test, Form D, was used. Differences between the control group and the group in the situation of peace and prosperity were minimal. Marked differences occurred between the other groups. The results of the study suggest that individuals do reflect a decision-making process in which they reorder values according to priorities in preparing to cope and adjust within the situation. (MKM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A