ERIC Number: ED109600
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Young Child's Comprehension of Relative Clauses.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of focus (subject, object, and possessive) and embedding position (center vs. right) on kindergarten and second-grade subjects' responses to relative clauses. Twenty kindergarten and 20 second-grade children served as subjects. The subjects were middle-class, Anglo children who had not begun their reading programs. An equal number of boys and girls were included. The students were tested individually, the total testing time per child being approximately 15 minutes. The subjects were tested for accuracy and latency of response in 36 trials containing examples of six sentence types. From the data collected, it was concluded that second-grade children gave significantly more correct responses than kindergarten children, but they did not make their decisions any more quickly. All subjects responded more accurately to right-embedded than to center-embedded relative clauses, and they responded more quickly in making their right-embedded choice. Children from both groups responded more slowly and less accurately when the subject-verb-object search was disrupted by the relative clause. (TS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Regional Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, Los Alamitos, CA.