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ERIC Number: ED109290
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Mar
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Mental Disorder and Supernatural Influence: Beliefs of Puerto Ricans in Two Connecticut Urban Communities About the Cause and Treatment of Mental Illness.
Gaviria, Moises; Wintrob, Ronald
This report is based upon information obtained from personal interviews with a representative sample of Puerto Rican adults, both patients and non-patients, 20 years of age and over, living in two urban communities in central Connecticut, with 1,000 and 8,000 Spanish-speaking residents, respectively. The findings of this research are summarized as follows: the informants, whether patients or normal members of the community, differ very little in their conception of mental illness; they distinguish two broad categories of mental illness "craziness", similar to psychotic behavior, and "nervousness" or "bad nerves", which could be categorized as psychosomatic or neurotic conditions; for both types of conditions there is believed to be a range of causative factors, supernatural or natural: among the natural causes there are three major types - bilogical (e.g. alcohol, drug abuse, sexual excess, and malnutrition); psychological (e.g. excessive emotional suffering and excessive physical punishment in childhood); and social (e.g. working too hard and poverty); spiritualism, witchcraft and fate are believed to be the most important supernatural causes of mental illness; and, the latter become most clearly apparent as factors of importance when informants are asked about them in such a way that they are not obliged to speak directly about their own personal beliefs. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Connecticut