ERIC Number: ED109051
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Recruitment to Teaching: Characteristics and Experiences of a Recent Cohort of College Graduates.
Hirshfeld, Sarina B.; Sharp, Laure M.
The basis for this study of characteristics of college graduates recruited into elementary and secondary teaching careers was a sample from an American Council on Education 1967 freshmen survey and a 1971 followup of this sample. The study focuses on two points of early career development: career choices during college and the employment of beginning teachers. Characteristics of these respondents are discussed for both topic areas; supportive tables are included throughout the text. The results from this study are compared with studies by Mason (of 1955-56 beginning teachers) and Davis (of 1961 college graduates). The findings of this study indicate that career choice changes during college result in: (a) more men teachers, (b) fewer black men teachers, (c) more black women teachers, (d) more teachers who are protestants. Recruits to teaching at the end of college were students of higher socioeconomic status who originally had more ambitious career goals. Defection from teaching during college resulted in the loss of black male teachers and of students of relatively high achievement from quality private institutions. The findings of this study concerning recruitment into the first teaching job indicate that the great majority of candidates actively seeking jobs were hired. This group consisted of more men than women, but fewer black men. Those who were hired came from higher socioeconomically placed families than non-hires and had better grades. (JA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budgeting, and Evaluation.; National Center for Educational Statistics (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc., Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., April, 1975)