ERIC Number: ED109018
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-May-5
Teaching the Young Child to Sing: A Literature Review with Annotated Bibliography. Technical Note 3-72-11.
Rosborough, Kathy; And Others
This study examines the literature and research for teaching young children how to sing. The review treats the following variables pertinent to early instruction in singing: task sequence, music stimulus, feedback mode, presentation mode, age at which training is begun, optimum number of repetitions, singing alone vs. singing with stimulus, and physical factors. Although research in music has a long history, the use of scientific experimentation is a recent phenomenon; consequently, little information can be accepted with a substantial degree of confidence. Generally accepted research includes the facts that the natural range of a child's voice is small but will expand up and down with the passage of time; range expansion can be hastened by training; pitch inaccuracy is more widespread in younger children than older children, although the problem lessens with age and training; no superior voice training method is known, although presentation and feedback modes have proved successful; and children are more likely to sing on pitch if a singing model is presented in their vocal range and they are given visual feedback. Also included is an annotated bibliography of background and research materials. (Author/DE)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southwest Regional Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, Los Alamitos, CA.
Note: For related document, see SO 008 444