ERIC Number: ED108968
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Science Development, University Development, and the Federal Government.
National Board on Graduate Education, Washington, DC.
In 1965, the National Science Foundation began an experiment in institutional funding, the Science Development (SD) program. Setting as dual goals an upgrading of the science capabilities of second-tier universities and a broader geographical distribution of scientific resources throughout the nation, this program awarded over $130 million to selected universities during the 1960's and early 1970's. In an effort to assess the impact of this funding mechanism, the National Board on Graduate Education undertook an evaluation of the SD program. The data gathered for this study covered the 15 years from 1958 through 1972. All nonfunded doctorate-producing American universities were used as controls. The three fields that received the largest share of the SD funds were chemistry, physics and mathematics. Among the major findings were that the funded institutions registered an increase in the rates of publication in key journals and were able to attract higher quality graduate students as measured by an improvement in the scores of first-year graduate students on the Graduate Record Examination. Of the 31 universities in 21 states that were funded, 25 fund recipients were distributed among 17 states that did not have a leading university in 1965. Therefore, the goal of geographic dispersion of funds was largely achieved. (Author/MLH)
Descriptors: College Science, Federal Aid, Federal Government, Federal Programs, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Mathematics, Program Evaluation, Science Education, Sciences, Scientific Research, Universities
National Board on Graduate Education, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N. W., Washington, D. C. 20418 (free - limited quantities)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Board on Graduate Education, Washington, DC.