ERIC Number: ED108958
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
National Patterns of R & D Resources, Funds & Manpower in the United States 1953-1975.
Chirichiello, John R.; And Others
This report contains a summary of the allocation of funds and manpower among the four sectors of the economy--federal government, industry, universities and colleges, and other nonprofit institutions. Funding data include basic research, applied research, and development, covering years 1953-75. Time series on R and D scientific and engineering manpower employed by each sector are presented for 1954-74. Highlights indicate: (1) total R and D spending in the U.S. is projected at $34.3 billion in 1975, 7 percent above the 1974 level of $32 billion; (2) in 1975 the U.S. is expected to devote 2.3 percent of its gross national product (GNP) to R and D activities; (3) the federal government will support 53 percent of the total U.S. R and D effort in 1975; two-thirds of this will be in areas of defense and space; (4) basic research spending is estimated at $4.1 billion in 1975; and (5) nearly 528,000 scientists and engineers were employed on a full-time-equivalent basis on R and D activities in 1974. (Author/EB)
Descriptors: Colleges, Educational Finance, Engineers, Federal Government, Financial Support, Higher Education, Industry, Labor Needs, Labor Utilization, National Surveys, Program Budgeting, Research, Research and Development Centers, Science Education, Scientific Personnel, Tables (Data), Universities
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($1.15)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.