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ERIC Number: ED108922
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Pages: 107
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Investigation of the Relative Effects of Teaching a Mathematical Concept via Multisensory Models in Elementary School Mathematics.
Wallace, Pearlena
The major purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of mathematics instruction based on the use of manipulative materials in grades 4, 5, and 6. A secondary purpose was to find whether this approach is differentially effective for students in different grade level, sex, or welfare recipient categories. Three treatment groups, one for each grade level, and three corresponding control groups were defined. A pre-test was given to all participants prior to the three-week treatments. After instruction in the manipulative or control mode, a posttest was administered to all students, and a manipulative test was given to 15 experimental and 15 control students. Data were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, and repeated measure designs. These analyses showed that the mean performance of students in the manipulative group was greater than that of controls on both the achievement and manipulative tests. There were no significant differences for grade level, sex, or welfare status. The author concludes that use of multisensory aids should be increased and makes several related recommendations with respect to pre- and in-service teacher training, and the definition of learning objectives. (SD)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 74-27,501, MF-$5.00, Xerography-$11.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University