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ERIC Number: ED108913
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Pages: 355
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
An Exploratory Study of Selected Spoken and Unspoken Behaviors in an Inner-City Mathematics Laboratory for Underachieving Students.
Kaiser, Virginia Ruth Stone
This study provides a systematic observation and assessment of pupil-teacher behaviors in a mathematics laboratory for underachieving innercity junior high school students. Using the Observational System for Instructional Analysis (OSIA), the author recorded and analyzed 125 mathematics laboratory activity sessions. Five students, selected from a larger population for detailed observation, were observed using abacounters, mathematical balances, Cuisenaire rods, cubic inch blocks, and measuring devices. Coder stability (Scott's reliability coefficient) was 0.856. Twenty-five behavior ratios were used and analyzed by comparison of means; two means were said to differ significantly if their difference exceeded the standard error of both means. Analysis revealed that more than 65 percent of the time was spent in individual student substantive behaviors and teacher interactive substantive behaviors. As students reached higher levels of cognitive performance, teacher behaviors seemed to be more indirect. Other findings relate to soliciting, clarification, managerial, and reflective manipulating behaviors. The findings of this study were compared with those of a 1973 study (Hough and Duncan) in which the OSIA was used in EMR (Educable Mentally Retarded) classrooms. In contrast to EMR classes, the laboratory classes were characterized by more teacher indirect behaviors; more student individual substantive, direct managerial, and reflective manipulating behaviors; and more positive teacher appraisal behaviors. (Author/SD)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 74-24,350, MF-$5.00, Xerography-$11.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, The Ohio State University