ERIC Number: ED108359
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep-1
Reference Count: 0
The Confidentiality of Pupil School Records. A Legal Memorandum.
National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.
Court decisions generally establish the right of students and parents to have access to confidential pupil records. In general, common law gives persons with a "real interest" (such as parents) the right to inspect student records. This doctrine is supported by the ruling in Marmo v. New York City Board of Education that an individual charged with a crime may inspect school records to determine the names and addresses of high school classmates, and by the decision in Creel v. Brennan et al. that an unsuccessful college applicant may view the materials submitted by his high school to ensure that he is not misrepresented by unfair or malicious evaluations. However, Einhorn et al. v. Maus et al. sustained high school officials' right to release to colleges and universities pupil records relating to nonacademic matters, and the court in People v. Russel ruled that college authorities may restrict public circulation of some school records. Wagner v. Redmond and King v. Ambellan established the right of school board members to inspect student records, where "sufficient interest" is shown. Personnel records appear to have a different status; the court in Board of Trustees of Calaveras Unified School District v. Leach ruled that they are not considered public, even to the personnel themselves. (JG)
Descriptors: Administrator Guides, Confidential Records, Court Litigation, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Parent School Relationship, Personnel Data, School Law, Student Records, Student Rights
National Association of Secondary School Principals, 1904 Association Drive, Reston, Virginia 22091 ($0.25, quantity discounts, payment must accompany orders of $10.00 or less)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.