ERIC Number: ED108322
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Inequalities in Educational Resources: Their Impact on Minorities and the Poor in Texas and California. Final Report.
Brischetto, Robert; Arciniega, Tomas A.
This research effort examines inequalities in educational input resources among school systems in Texas and California in light of the Rodriguez and Serrano court cases. Low-income families in both states were found to be in districts of low per-pupil-Expenditures and inferior educational services primarily because they are located in districts with low property valuations. Mexican-American pupils in Texas tend to be ethnically isolated in low-wealth districts and have fewer educational resources available to them than do Anglo pupils. Important differences were found between Texas and California in regard to ethnic isolation. Since Mexican-American pupils in California are not concentrated in predominantly ethnic districts, not much interethnic disparity in the distribution of educational resources among districts was found. Black pupils in both Texas and California are concentrated in large urban centers where expenditures are generally at or above the state average. These findings, however, do not take into consideration cost differentials between urban and nonurban areas and municipal overburden. The hypothesis that black pupils in large urban districts are disadvantaged by intradistrict inequalities is offered for further research. (Author/IRT)
Descriptors: Blacks, Community Influence, Court Litigation, Educational Finance, Educational Resources, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Equal Protection, Finance Reform, Fiscal Capacity, Mexican Americans, Minority Groups, Nondiscriminatory Education, Poverty, Property Taxes, School District Spending, Tax Effort, Tax Rates
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Our Lady of the Lake Coll., San Antonio, TX.
Identifiers - Location: California; Texas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Rodriguez v San Antonio Independent School District; Serrano v Priest