ERIC Number: ED108235
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Definitions and Criteria of Creativity: A Literature Review.
Recent surveys of creativity research have stressed the wide variety of criteria employed by investigators and have pointed out the theoretical and philosophical differences among investigators. Few surveys, however, have questioned whether investigators intended the same, or different, definitions for creativity. Although as many as 26 distinct definitions have been identified, this review of creativity research divides the definitions into two areas--the behavioristic (which identifies creativity with novelty and originality) and the existential (which associates creativity with genius). It is concluded in this review of the literature that the behavioristic-existentialistic dichotomy derived by Stark (1965) is useful when applied to the psychological literature, but it is questionable whether or not Stark's discussion truly reflects all the differences in conceptions of creativity. (RB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Regional Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, Los Alamitos, CA.