ERIC Number: ED108069
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
The Deja Connu Phenomenon: A Study in the Formation and Modifiability of First Impressions.
Noffsinger, Edward B.; Pellegrini, Robert J.
Working from a rationale derived from cognitive learning theory, this study was designed to investigate the extent to which the formation and modifiability of first impressions may be affected by the perceiver's tendency to associate the stimulus person with some other individual. Fifty subjects rated their initial attractions toward male and female stimulus persons (models). For each model, subjects were then asked whether there was any individual he or she associated with that model, and if so, the strength of that association. The highly significant results provided strong support for the hypotheses that: (1) a positive correlation exists between evaluations of a stimulus person and another individual with whom he associates that person, (2) the magnitude of this correlation increases with strength of association, and (3) evaluations of a stimulus person are more open to change when there is no associated other. The results are discussed in terms of a number of specific and general psychological concepts and theories. (Author/PC)
Descriptors: Association (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Identification (Psychology), Learning Theories, Physical Characteristics, Research Projects, Stimuli, Stimulus Generalization
Robert J. Pellegrini, Department of Psychology, San Jose State University, San Jose, California 95192
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A