ERIC Number: ED107735
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Intradistrict Distribution of School Resources to the Disadvantaged: Evidence for the Courts.
Summers, Anita A.; Wolfe, Barbara L.
This paper details a method for investigating the equity aspects of distributions within school districts of educational resources. To illustrate how to systematically examine in detail the allocation of school resources, the relationship between the distribution of a large number of resources among Philadelphia's public schools and the distribution of black and low-income pupils among the schools was determined. It is concluded that when plaintiffs use aggregate and few measurements (per pupil expenditures, for example), defendants and the courts will have little difficulty in establishing that proof that any particular pattern of resource distribution indicates the achievement of equality of educational opportunity. It is held that only the extent to which the allocation matches fiat--the district's public policies of allocation--can be demonstrated; if unequal resource allocations are found, then the source of the fiat must be determined. Finally, it is argued that what is clearly needed is matching well-defined objectives of a school system with well-defined evidence of which school inputs are most relevant for which type of student. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, PA.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania