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ERIC Number: ED107564
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Feb
Pages: 182
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Creation and Impact of Linkages Between the Social Sciences and the Federal Government. Final Report.
Useem, Michael
The federal government is the primary source of funds for social research in the United States, and academic institutions are the primary focus of social research performed with federal funds. Five distinct purposes underlying federal support of academic social research and five associated funding patterns are hypothesized. Actual patterns are observed in data from 1,079 faculty members in the disciplines of anthropology, economics, political science, and psychology. Results indicate that federal allocations are consistent with patterns expected if the government's purpose is (1) acquisition of policy relevant research and (2) advancement of basic social science. Observed patterns are not consistent with patterns expected if the purpose is (3) enhancing state legitimacy, (4) reproducing societal social relations, and (5) legitimizing the conduct of academic inquiry for the government. The impact of federal funding on the social science disciplines is examined in three areas. Significant influence is found in two of these -- research priorities and views of government discipline relations -- however, no observable impact is found in the discipline's social organization in the realm of academic promotion. It is concluded that a central government purpose in funding academic social research is production of research needed by government agencies and that this objective significantly shapes social science paradigms in the United States. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.