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ERIC Number: ED107452
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 165
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Efficacy of Advance Organizers and Behavioral Objectives for Improving Achievement in Physics.
Hershman, Kenneth Eugene
This research investigates the utility of advance organizers and behavioral objectives in a traditional introductory physics class at the college level. The advance organizer was designed to compare and contrast content to be learned with content previously studied or with assumed common knowledge. Behavioral objectives listed the expected terminal performances to be demonstrated during periodic pencil-paper examinations. A personality sketch of a famous scientist, intended to produce interest but not help the student organize his study, was included. A covariance analysis of the resulting treatment group scores was used to compare effects of treatment. The first examination was used as a covariate to equate the treatment groups on instructor effects. The Scholastic Aptitude Test scores were used as a covariate to equate groups on general ability. Each group received the same treatment. After analysis was completed, no significant differences were found that could be attributed to treatment effects with assurance. The author concluded that the motivation and level of aspiration of the students were the decisive variables that masked treatment effects. (Author/EB)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-1882, MF-$5.00, Xerography-$11.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Purdue University