ERIC Number: ED107417
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-May
A Better Chance to Learn: Bilingual-Bicultural Education. Clearinghouse Publication No. 51.
Buto, Kathleen A.; And Others
School districts are compelled by the 1964 Civil Rights Act Title VI to provide special language programs for those children speaking a non-English native language and belonging to an identifiable minority group, generally of low socioeconomic status, including Mexican Americans, Native Americans, Puerto Ricans, and Asian Americans. The form such assistance should take is the subject of debate among educators, concerned language minority parents, and others. The most widely discussed approach is bilingual bicultural education. In this report, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights examines the extent to which this approach is an effective educational approach for increasing these students' opportunities. Due to the commission's civil rights jurisdiction, the report concentrates primarily on bilingual bicultural education as a means for overcoming a denial of equal educational opportunity. For comparative purposes, the English as a Second Language (ESL) approach which for many years has been the only special program used to teach these students English is examined. Educational principles underlying bilingual bicultural education are discussed. To clarify what bilingual bicultural programs are and how they work, selected programs are described. Information is provided on evaluation procedures for such programs. Federal and State policy on bilingual education is also discussed. (NQ)
Descriptors: American Indians, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Civil Rights, Comparative Analysis, Educational Assessment, Educational Legislation, English (Second Language), Equal Education, History, Mexican Americans, Minority Groups, Non English Speaking, Program Descriptions, Program Evaluation
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.