ERIC Number: ED107408
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Impact of Job Development on Poverty in Four Developing Areas, 1970. Agricultural Economic Report No. 225.
Kuehn, John A.; And Others
The direct impact of job development in new and expanded plants on individual salary and poverty reduction was studied in rural areas of Arizona, Appalachian Mississippi, the Ozarks, and the Mississippi Delta. Specific Objectives were to: indicate competiveness between migrants and residents for new jobs; estimate the proportion of jobs which directly reduced poverty; estimate changes in employees' salaries and lifetime earnings; and estimate the local sphere of influence of job development in the labor market. In the areas studied, 25 percent of the employees in each of 26 plants were interviewed. Via cross tabulations and mean calculations, data on the study areas were analyzed relative to: (1) wage and salary employment in private nonfarm industries for 1962, 1965, and 1968 with percent of change; (2) employee residential classifications during 1965-70; (3) household income and salary rate by poverty status for 1970; (4) selected socioeconomic employee characteristics for 1970; (5) gross individual benefits from job development; and (6) employee commuting distances in 1970. Findings indicated: about 25 percent of all plant jobs in 1970 were held by employees whose households had been poor; about 16 percent of the total jobs were held by persons whose households had escaped poverty by 1970; and discounted value of the increase in employees' salaries was $12,880, but job impact varied considerably by area. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Fayetteville.; Missouri Univ., Columbia. Agricultural Experiment Station.
Identifiers - Location: Arizona