ERIC Number: ED107372
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Dec
Training Kindergarten Children in Tactile-Kinesthetic Skills Assumed to Be Related to Reading. Final Report.
Williams, Joanna P.
In the first experiment, the development of the ability to copy alphabet letters by black males aged 3-9 (middle and low S.E.S.) was studied, using a newly-developed scoring system. In the second experiment, kindergarteners learned to associate letter names with six lower-case printed letters by the anticipation method. The addition of an active-kinesthetic training component led to performance inferior to that following purely visual or passive-kinesthetic training. The final two experiments, in which nursery school and kindergarten children were studied, compared tactile-kinesthetic training and visual discrimination training on the ability to reproduce and to discriminate letters and letter-like forms. Training effects were "specific," in that discrimination training aided performance on the discrimination posttest, and reproduction training performance. In addition, the effects of discrimination training were seen on untrained as well as trained forms, but reproduction training effects were limited to trained forms. The results of these experiments did not strongly support the claims that have been made for tactile-kinesthetic training techniques by designers of a variety of remedial programs in reading. (Author/CS)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Discrimination Learning, Kindergarten Children, Kinesthetic Methods, Letters (Alphabet), Manuscript Writing (Handlettering), Primary Education, Reading Development, Reading Research, Sensory Training, Sex Differences, Socioeconomic Influences, Tactual Perception, Task Performance, Visual Discrimination
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia.
Note: The appendix of this document has been filmed from best available copy but may reproduce poorly