ERIC Number: ED107294
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Evaluation of the Optacon (Optical-to-Tactile Converter) as a Reading Aid to Blind Elementary and Secondary Students. Final Report.
Weisgerber, Robert A.; And Others
Using a stratified sample of 112 pupils in grades 4-12, a 2-year study was undertaken to (1) assess the outcomes of Optical-to-Tactile Converter (Optacon) training when carried out in various teaching arrangements, (2) identify predictors of Optacon success, and (3) observe the effect of Optacon training on student attitudes. In addition to measurement and evaluation, the project also included the development of appropriate instructional materials for training blind elementary and secondary students to read standard ink-print. Analyses of the data suggest that (1) elementary students performed as well as secondary students; (2) the performance of students taught individually was generally as good as that of students taught in groups of three; and (3) the involvement of student teachers under the supervision of a credentialled teacher did not result in lower student performance than in cases where a credentialled teacher was solely responsible for the training. A series of special cases is presented together with recommendations for educators and agencies. Excerpts from the instructional materials developed during the project are also included. (DGC)
Descriptors: Blindness, Educational Programs, Electromechanical Aids, Elementary School Students, Exceptional Child Education, Handicapped Children, Individual Instruction, Instructional Materials, Program Evaluation, Research, Secondary School Students, Sensory Aids, Small Group Instruction, Student Attitudes, Student Teachers, Tactile Adaptation, Teaching Methods, Testing, Visual Impairments
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.