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ERIC Number: ED107284
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Nov
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Bibliotherapy: Trends in the United States.
Monroe, Margaret E.; Rubin, Rhea
The concept of bibliotherapy covers both the normal activity of librarians in suggesting books to readers, and the therapeutic adjuvant in medicine and psychiatry where reading is used in diagnosis or other specific phases of therapy. Mental hospitals have been the prime locale for the practice of bibliotherapy in the United States and Europe, but public and school librarians have long practiced it as an unobtrusive form of counseling or guidance. The clients serviced by these types of libraries can be classified into two groups: (1) emotionally ill and (2) the normal individual who is facing a major life task. Bibliotherapy has utility with both groups. The role of the librarian is that of a book specialist with an informed layman's knowledge of human problems and psychology. This is sufficient for those working with normal clients, but in service to the emotionally ill the team approach--including the physician, psychiatrist, or counselor--is essential. The relationship of bibliotherapist to client is a delicate one. Personal maturity, wide knowledge of literature, and specific training in psychology are essential; anything less opens the client situation to possible coercion or abuse. (Author/SL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A