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ERIC Number: ED107144
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Cloze, Discourse, and Approximations to English.
Oller, John W., Jr.
Five orders of approximation to normal English prose were constructed; 5th, 10th, 25th, 50th, and 100th plus. Five cloze tests were then constructed by inserting blanks for deleted words in 5 word segments (5th order), 10 word segments (10th), 25 word segments (25th), 50 word segments (50th), and 100 word segments of five different passages of prose (100th plus). By a counterbalanced design to neutralize differences between groups and passages, it was demonstrated that the longer the surrounding context, the easier the cloze items; the beneficial effect of increasing amount of context extends beyond the 50 word mark. This suggests that the cloze procedure is a viable device for measuring effects (or knowledge) of discourse constraints extending well beyond the limits of 5-10 words of surrounding context. (Author)
Department of Linguistics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 ($3.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A