ERIC Number: ED107144
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Cloze, Discourse, and Approximations to English.
Oller, John W., Jr.
Five orders of approximation to normal English prose were constructed; 5th, 10th, 25th, 50th, and 100th plus. Five cloze tests were then constructed by inserting blanks for deleted words in 5 word segments (5th order), 10 word segments (10th), 25 word segments (25th), 50 word segments (50th), and 100 word segments of five different passages of prose (100th plus). By a counterbalanced design to neutralize differences between groups and passages, it was demonstrated that the longer the surrounding context, the easier the cloze items; the beneficial effect of increasing amount of context extends beyond the 50 word mark. This suggests that the cloze procedure is a viable device for measuring effects (or knowledge) of discourse constraints extending well beyond the limits of 5-10 words of surrounding context. (Author)
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Connected Discourse, Context Clues, Language Ability, Language Patterns, Pattern Recognition, Prose, Reading Comprehension, Reading Skills, Reading Tests, Semantics, Testing
Department of Linguistics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 ($3.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A