ERIC Number: ED107011
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Psychology and Education of the Learning Disabled Child in the Soviet Union. Research Report No. 78.
Wozniak, R. H.
The author surveys the status in the USSR of educational programing and psychological research with learning disabled children who are classified as temporarily retarded in psychological development (TRPD). Education and psychology in the USSR are said to be marked by the following major characteristics: a strong emphasis on the importance of practical activity; a concomitant emphasis on the importance of conscious knowledge in the direction of human activity; genetic, sociocultural, and neuropsychological perspectives; and a complete rejection of standardized intelligence testing in favor of clinical diagnosis. The coordination of research efforts by the Scientific Research Institute of Defectology is explained. Clinical characteristics are identified in extensive detail for three common diagnostic categories: TRPD, cerebro-asthenic syndrome, and psychological infantilism. Psychological and psychophysiological research is thought to contribute to the improvement of multifaceted differential diagnosis and to provide information concerning the development of children's processing capacities essential for the design of effective instructional materials and methods. The author envisions Soviet educational programing moving quickly from the experimental state to the provision of broad scale instructional programs tailored to learning disabled children. (GW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Research, Development, and Demonstration Center in Education of Handicapped Children.
Identifiers - Location: USSR